#error

chainerror

Make chaining errors easy

1 unstable release

✓ Uses Rust 2018 edition

0.1.0 Dec 20, 2018

#45 in #error

Download history 8/week @ 2018-12-20

2 downloads per month

MIT/Apache

25KB
224 lines

chainerror

chainerror provides an error backtrace like failure without doing a real backtrace, so even after you strip your binaries, you still have the error backtrace.

chainerror has no dependencies!

chainerror uses .source() of std::error::Error along with line()! and file()! to provide a nice debug error backtrace. It encapsulates all types, which have Display + Debug and can store the error cause internally.

Along with the ChainError<T> struct, chainerror comes with some useful helper macros to save a lot of typing.

Debug information is worth it!

Now continue reading the Tutorial

Example:

Output:

$ cargo run -q --example example
Main Error Report: func1 error calling func2

Error reported by Func2Error: func2 error: calling func3

The root cause was: std::io::Error: Kind(
    NotFound
)

Debug Error:
examples/example.rs:45: func1 error calling func2
Caused by:
examples/example.rs:20: Func2Error(func2 error: calling func3)
Caused by:
examples/example.rs:13: Error reading 'foo.txt'
Caused by:
Kind(NotFound)
use chainerror::*;
use std::error::Error;
use std::io;
use std::result::Result;

fn do_some_io() -> Result<(), Box<Error>> {
    Err(io::Error::from(io::ErrorKind::NotFound))?;
    Ok(())
}

fn func3() -> Result<(), Box<Error>> {
    let filename = "foo.txt";
    do_some_io().map_err(mstrerr!("Error reading '{}'", filename))?;
    Ok(())
}

derive_str_cherr!(Func2Error);

fn func2() -> ChainResult<(), Func2Error> {
    func3().map_err(mstrerr!(Func2Error, "func2 error: calling func3"))?;
    Ok(())
}

enum Func1Error {
    Func2,
    IO(String),
}

impl ::std::fmt::Display for Func1Error {
    fn fmt(&self, f: &mut ::std::fmt::Formatter) -> ::std::fmt::Result {
        match self {
            Func1Error::Func2 => write!(f, "func1 error calling func2"),
            Func1Error::IO(filename) => write!(f, "Error reading '{}'", filename),
        }
    }
}

impl ::std::fmt::Debug for Func1Error {
    fn fmt(&self, f: &mut ::std::fmt::Formatter) -> ::std::fmt::Result {
        write!(f, "{}", self)
    }
}

fn func1() -> ChainResult<(), Func1Error> {
    func2().map_err(|e| cherr!(e, Func1Error::Func2))?;
    let filename = String::from("bar.txt");
    do_some_io().map_err(|e| cherr!(e, Func1Error::IO(filename)))?;
    Ok(())
}

fn main() {
    if let Err(e) = func1() {
        match e.kind() {
            Func1Error::Func2 => eprintln!("Main Error Report: func1 error calling func2"),
            Func1Error::IO(filename) => {
                eprintln!("Main Error Report: func1 error reading '{}'", filename)
            }
        }

        if let Some(e) = e.find_chain_cause::<Func2Error>() {
            eprintln!("\nError reported by Func2Error: {}", e)
        }

        if let Some(e) = e.root_cause() {
            let ioerror = e.downcast_ref::<io::Error>().unwrap();
            eprintln!("\nThe root cause was: std::io::Error: {:#?}", ioerror);
        }

        eprintln!("\nDebug Error:\n{:?}", e);
    }
}

Features

no-fileline : completely turn off storing filename and line

display-cause : turn on printing a backtrace of the errors in Display

no-debug-cause : turn off printing a backtrace of the errors in Debug

No runtime deps