Utility crate for graphql_client

5 unstable releases

new 0.6.1 Jan 19, 2019
0.6.0 Dec 30, 2018
0.5.1 Oct 7, 2018
0.5.0 Oct 1, 2018
0.1.0 Sep 9, 2018

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A typed GraphQL client library for Rust.


  • Precise types for query variables and responses
  • Supports GraphQL fragments, objects, unions, inputs, enums, custom scalars and input objects
  • Works in the browser (WebAssembly)
  • Subscriptions support (serialization-deserialization only at the moment)
  • Copies documentation from the GraphQL schema to the generated Rust code
  • Arbitrary derives on the generated responses
  • Arbitrary custom scalars
  • Supports multiple operations per query document
  • Supports setting GraphQL fields as deprecated and having the Rust compiler check their use.

Getting started

  • If you are not familiar with GraphQL, the official website provides a very good and comprehensive introduction.

  • Once you have written your query (most likely in something like graphiql), save it in a .graphql file in your project.

  • In order to provide precise types for a response, graphql_client needs to read the query and the schema at compile-time.

    To download the schema, you have multiple options. This projects provides a CLI, but there are also more mature tools like apollo-cli. It does not matter which one you use, the resulting schema.json is the same.

  • We now have everything we need to derive Rust types for our query. This is achieved through a procedural macro, as in the following snippet:

    extern crate serde;
    extern crate serde_derive;
    extern crate graphql_client;
    // The paths are relative to the directory where your `Cargo.toml` is located.
    // Both json and the GraphQL schema language are supported as sources for the schema
        schema_path = "src/graphql/schema.json",
        query_path = "src/graphql/queries/my_query.graphql",
    pub struct MyQuery;

    The derive will generate a module named my_query in this example - the name is the struct's name, but in snake case.

    That module contains all the struct and enum definitions necessary to deserialize a response to that query.

    The root type for the response is named ResponseData. The GraphQL response will take the form of a Response<ResponseData> (the Response type is always the same).

    The module also contains a struct called Variables representing the variables expected by the query.

  • We now need to create the complete payload that we are going to send to the server. For convenience, the GraphQLQuery trait, is implemented for the struct under derive, so a complete query body can be created this way:

    extern crate failure;
    extern crate graphql_client;
    extern crate reqwest;
    use graphql_client::{GraphQLQuery, Response};
    fn perform_my_query(variables: &my_query::Variables) -> Result<(), failure::Error> {
        // this is the important line
        let request_body = MyQuery::build_query(variables);
        let client = reqwest::Client::new();
        let mut res ="/graphql").json(&request_body).send()?;
        let response_body: Response<my_query::ResponseData> = res.json()?;
        println!("{:#?}", response_body);

A complete example using the GitHub GraphQL API is available, as well as sample rustdoc output.

Deriving specific traits on the response

The generated response types always derive serde::Deserialize but you may want to print them (Debug), compare them (PartialEq) or derive any other trait on it. You can achieve this with the response_derives option of the graphql attribute. Example:

  schema_path = "src/search_schema.graphql",
  query_path = "src/search_query.graphql"
  response_derives = "Serialize,PartialEq",
struct SearchQuery;

Custom scalars

The generated code will reference the scalar types as defined in the server schema. This means you have to provide matching rust types in the scope of the struct under derive. It can be as simple as declarations like type Email = String;. This gives you complete freedom on how to treat custom scalars, as long as they can be deserialized.


The generated code has support for @deprecated field annotations. You can configure how deprecations are handled via the deprecated argument in the GraphQLQuery derive:

    schema_path = "src/graphql/schema.json",
    query_path = "src/graphql/queries/my_query.graphql",
    deprecated = "warn"
pub struct MyQuery;

Valid values are:

  • allow: the response struct fields are not marked as deprecated.
  • warn: the response struct fields are marked as #[deprecated].
  • deny: The struct fields are not included in the response struct and using them is a compile error.

The default is warn.

Query documents with multiple operations

You can write multiple operations in one query document (one .graphql file). You can then select one by naming the struct you #[derive(GraphQLQuery)] on with the same name as one of the operations. This is neat, as it allows sharing fragments between operations.

There is an example in the tests.

Documentation for the generated modules

You can use cargo doc --document-private-items to generate rustdoc documentation on the generated code.

Make cargo recompile when .graphql files have changed

There is an include option you can add to your Cargo.toml. It currently has issues however (see this issue).


See the examples directory in this repository.


A lot of desired features have been defined in issues.

graphql_client does not provide any networking, caching or other client functionality yet. Integration with different HTTP libraries is planned, although building one yourself is trivial (just send the constructed request payload as JSON with a POST request to a GraphQL endpoint, modulo authentication).

There is an embryonic CLI for downloading schemas - the plan is to make it something similar to apollo-codegen.


Warmest thanks to all those who contributed in any way (not only code) to this project:

  • Alex Vlasov (@indifferentalex)
  • Ben Boeckel (@mathstuf)
  • Christian Legnitto (@LegNeato)
  • Dirkjan Ochtman (@djc)
  • Fausto Nunez Alberro (@brainlessdeveloper)
  • Hirokazu Hata (@h-michael)
  • Peter Gundel (@peterfication)
  • Sonny Scroggin (@scrogson)
  • Sooraj Chandran (@SoorajChandran)
  • Tom Houlé (@tomhoule)

Code of conduct

Anyone who interacts with this project in any space, including but not limited to this GitHub repository, must follow our code of conduct.


Licensed under either of these:


Unless you explicitly state otherwise, any contribution you intentionally submit for inclusion in the work, as defined in the Apache-2.0 license, shall be dual-licensed as above, without any additional terms or conditions.


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