#weather #sounding #meteorology #skew-t


Data formats and algorithms for atmospheric soundings. The base crate is meant to be a common base for other crates to build on. These crates may be for managing a data-store, displaying data, or saving and loading files.

25 releases (7 breaking)

0.7.1 Aug 11, 2018
0.7.0 Jun 2, 2018
0.6.0 May 12, 2018
0.4.0 Mar 9, 2018
0.1.0 Nov 30, 2017

#7 in Science

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Library to represent an atmospheric sounding with pressure as the vertical coordinate. The base crate is meant to be a common base for other crates to build on. These crates may be for managing a data-store, displaying data, or saving and loading files.

The emphasis of this crate is data representation and a common type for systems using sounding data to build on and use.


extern crate chrono;
extern crate sounding_base;
extern crate optional;

use optional::{Optioned, some};

use sounding_base::{Sounding, StationInfo, Profile, Surface};

fn main() {

    // Create  pressure profile
    let pressure_profile: Vec<Optioned<f64>> =
        vec![1000.0, 925.0, 850.0, 700.0, 500.0, 300.0, 250.0, 100.0]
            .map(|p| some(*p))

    // Create a temperature profile
    let temperature_profile: Vec<Optioned<f64>> =
        vec![13.0, 7.0, 5.0, -4.5, -20.6, -44.0, -52.0, -56.5]
            .map(|t| some(*t))

    // Create some station info
    let stn = StationInfo::new_with_values(None, (45.6789, -115.6789), 992.0);

    // Create a valid time. This uses a `chrono::NaiveDateTime`, and you should always assume
    // that valid times are in UTC.
    let vt = chrono::NaiveDate::from_ymd(2018,3,8).and_hms(12,0,0);

    // Use the builder pattern to construct a sounding.
    let snd = Sounding::new()
        .set_lead_time(24)  // Lead time in hours for forecast soundings.
        .set_profile(Profile::Pressure, pressure_profile)
        .set_profile(Profile::Temperature, temperature_profile)
        // Surface values don't have to be `Optioned`
        .set_surface_value(Surface::StationPressure, 1013.25)
        // But they can be
        .set_surface_value(Surface::Temperature, some(15.0));

    // Top down and bottom up iterators are provided. If surface data is available, it is
    // inserted into the profile.
    let mut iter = snd.top_down();

    let mut data_row = iter.next().unwrap();
    assert_eq!(data_row.pressure, some(100.0));
    assert_eq!(data_row.temperature, some(-56.5));

    data_row = iter.next().unwrap();
    assert_eq!(data_row.pressure, some(250.0));
    assert_eq!(data_row.temperature, some(-52.0));

    data_row = iter.next().unwrap();
    assert_eq!(data_row.pressure, some(300.0));
    assert_eq!(data_row.temperature, some(-44.0));

    data_row = iter.next().unwrap();
    assert_eq!(data_row.pressure, some(500.0));
    assert_eq!(data_row.temperature, some(-20.6));

    data_row = iter.next().unwrap();
    assert_eq!(data_row.pressure, some(700.0));
    assert_eq!(data_row.temperature, some(-4.5));

    data_row = iter.next().unwrap();
    assert_eq!(data_row.pressure, some(850.0));
    assert_eq!(data_row.temperature, some(5.0));

    data_row = iter.next().unwrap();
    assert_eq!(data_row.pressure, some(925.0));
    assert_eq!(data_row.temperature, some(7.0));

    data_row = iter.next().unwrap();
    assert_eq!(data_row.pressure, some(1000.0));
    assert_eq!(data_row.temperature, some(13.0));

    data_row = iter.next().unwrap();
    assert_eq!(data_row.pressure, some(1013.25));
    assert_eq!(data_row.temperature, some(15.0));

    assert_eq!(iter.next(), None);

    // Profiles and surface values can also be accessed via getter methods. Read the docs!

You probably noticed a lot of optional::Optioneds in the example. Basically, anything can be missing, and missing values are common in upper air soundings. For example, at high altitude the dew point or humidity are often missing (if not totally inaccurate).


~12K SLoC