14 releases

0.5.1 Jun 1, 2018
0.5.0 Dec 18, 2017
0.4.0 Oct 31, 2016
0.3.5 Apr 24, 2016
0.3.1 Jul 16, 2015

#15 in Windows APIs

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winreg Crates.io Build status

Rust bindings to MS Windows Registry API. Work in progress.

Current features:

  • Basic registry operations:
    • open/create/delete keys
    • read and write values
    • seamless conversion between REG_* types and rust primitives
      • String and OsString <= REG_SZ, REG_EXPAND_SZ or REG_MULTI_SZ
      • String, &str and OsStr => REG_SZ
      • u32 <=> REG_DWORD
      • u64 <=> REG_QWORD
  • Iteration through key names and through values
  • Transactions
  • Transacted serialization of rust types into/from registry (only primitives and structures for now)

Usage

Basic usage

# Cargo.toml
[dependencies]
winreg = "0.5"
extern crate winreg;
use std::path::Path;
use std::io;
use winreg::RegKey;
use winreg::enums::*;

fn main() {
    println!("Reading some system info...");
    let hklm = RegKey::predef(HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE);
    let cur_ver = hklm.open_subkey("SOFTWARE\\Microsoft\\Windows\\CurrentVersion").unwrap();
    let pf: String = cur_ver.get_value("ProgramFilesDir").unwrap();
    let dp: String = cur_ver.get_value("DevicePath").unwrap();
    println!("ProgramFiles = {}\nDevicePath = {}", pf, dp);
    let info = cur_ver.query_info().unwrap();
    println!("info = {:?}", info);

    println!("And now lets write something...");
    let hkcu = RegKey::predef(HKEY_CURRENT_USER);
    let path = Path::new("Software").join("WinregRsExample1");
    let key = hkcu.create_subkey(&path).unwrap();

    key.set_value("TestSZ", &"written by Rust").unwrap();
    let sz_val: String = key.get_value("TestSZ").unwrap();
    key.delete_value("TestSZ").unwrap();
    println!("TestSZ = {}", sz_val);

    key.set_value("TestDWORD", &1234567890u32).unwrap();
    let dword_val: u32 = key.get_value("TestDWORD").unwrap();
    println!("TestDWORD = {}", dword_val);

    key.set_value("TestQWORD", &1234567891011121314u64).unwrap();
    let qword_val: u64 = key.get_value("TestQWORD").unwrap();
    println!("TestQWORD = {}", qword_val);

    key.create_subkey("sub\\key").unwrap();
    hkcu.delete_subkey_all(&path).unwrap();

    println!("Trying to open nonexistent key...");
    let key2 = hkcu.open_subkey(&path)
    .unwrap_or_else(|e| match e.kind() {
        io::ErrorKind::NotFound => panic!("Key doesn't exist"),
        io::ErrorKind::PermissionDenied => panic!("Access denied"),
        _ => panic!("{:?}", e)
    });
}

Iterators

extern crate winreg;
use winreg::RegKey;
use winreg::enums::*;

fn main() {
    println!("File extensions, registered in system:");
    for i in RegKey::predef(HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT)
        .enum_keys().map(|x| x.unwrap())
        .filter(|x| x.starts_with("."))
    {
        println!("{}", i);
    }

    let system = RegKey::predef(HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE)
        .open_subkey("HARDWARE\\DESCRIPTION\\System")
        .unwrap();
    for (name, value) in system.enum_values().map(|x| x.unwrap()) {
        println!("{} = {:?}", name, value);
    }
}

Transactions

# Cargo.toml
[dependencies]
winreg = { version = "0.5", features = ["transactions"] }
extern crate winreg;
use std::io;
use winreg::RegKey;
use winreg::enums::*;
use winreg::transaction::Transaction;

fn main() {
    let t = Transaction::new().unwrap();
    let hkcu = RegKey::predef(HKEY_CURRENT_USER);
    let key = hkcu.create_subkey_transacted("Software\\RustTransaction", &t).unwrap();
    key.set_value("TestQWORD", &1234567891011121314u64).unwrap();
    key.set_value("TestDWORD", &1234567890u32).unwrap();

    println!("Commit transaction? [y/N]:");
    let mut input = String::new();
    io::stdin().read_line(&mut input).unwrap();
    input = input.trim_right().to_owned();
    if input == "y" || input == "Y" {
        t.commit().unwrap();
        println!("Transaction committed.");
    }
    else {
        // this is optional, if transaction wasn't committed,
        // it will be rolled back on disposal
        t.rollback().unwrap();

        println!("Transaction wasn't committed, it will be rolled back.");
    }
}

Serialization

# Cargo.toml
[dependencies]
winreg = { version = "0.5", features = ["serialization-serde"] }
serde = "1"
serde_derive = "1"
#[macro_use]
extern crate serde_derive;
extern crate serde;
extern crate winreg;
use winreg::enums::*;

#[derive(Debug, Serialize, Deserialize, PartialEq)]
struct Rectangle{
    x: u32,
    y: u32,
    w: u32,
    h: u32,
}

#[derive(Debug, Serialize, Deserialize, PartialEq)]
struct Test {
    t_bool: bool,
    t_u8: u8,
    t_u16: u16,
    t_u32: u32,
    t_u64: u64,
    t_usize: usize,
    t_struct: Rectangle,
    t_string: String,
    t_i8: i8,
    t_i16: i16,
    t_i32: i32,
    t_i64: i64,
    t_isize: isize,
    t_f64: f64,
    t_f32: f32,
}

fn main() {
    let hkcu = winreg::RegKey::predef(HKEY_CURRENT_USER);
    let key = hkcu.create_subkey("Software\\RustEncode").unwrap();
    let v1 = Test{
        t_bool: false,
        t_u8: 127,
        t_u16: 32768,
        t_u32: 123456789,
        t_u64: 123456789101112,
        t_usize: 123456789101112,
        t_struct: Rectangle{
            x: 55,
            y: 77,
            w: 500,
            h: 300,
        },
        t_string: "test 123!".to_owned(),
        t_i8: -123,
        t_i16: -2049,
        t_i32: 20100,
        t_i64: -12345678910,
        t_isize: -1234567890,
        t_f64: -0.01,
        t_f32: 3.14,
    };

    key.encode(&v1).unwrap();

    let v2: Test = key.decode().unwrap();
    println!("Decoded {:?}", v2);

    // This shows `false` because f32 and f64 encoding/decoding is NOT precise
    println!("Equal to encoded: {:?}", v1 == v2);
}

Changelog

0.5.1

  • Reexport HKEY (#15).
  • Add raw_handle method (#18).

0.5.0

  • Breaking change: open_subkey now opens a key with readonly permissions. Use create_subkey or open_subkey_with_flags to open with read-write permissins.
  • Breaking change: features transactions and serialization-serde are now disabled by default.
  • Breaking change: serialization now uses serde instead of rustc-serialize.
  • winreg updated to 0.3.
  • Documentation fixes (#14)

0.4.0

  • Make transactions and serialization otional features
  • Update dependensies + minor fixes (#12)

0.3.5

  • Implement FromRegValue for OsString and ToRegValue for OsStr (#8)
  • Minor fixes

0.3.4

  • Add copy_tree method to RegKey
  • Now checked with rust-clippy
    • no more unwraps
    • replaced to_string with to_owned
  • Fix: reading strings longer than 2048 characters (#6)

0.3.3

  • Fix: now able to read values longer than 2048 bytes (#3)

0.3.2

  • Fix: FromRegValue trait now requires Sized (fixes build with rust 1.4)

0.3.1

  • Fix: bump winapi version to fix build

0.3.0

  • Add transactions support and make serialization transacted
  • Breaking change: use std::io::{Error,Result} instead of own RegError and RegResult
MIT license

Dependencies

  • winapi 0.3+minwindef+winerror+winnt+winreg+handleapi
  • optional clippy ^0
  • serialization-serde? serde 1

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